85 CANAANITES FIGHT YISRAEL
Some of the Canaanites rise up to fight Yisrael, who are frightened and run away. But the Sons of Levi compel them to Return. They prevail over their Enemies. They must not touch Ammon. Og, King of Bashan. Balaam is called upon to curse Yisrael, but will not. Yisrael commits Whoredom with the Moabites, and they are Smitten with Pestilence.
1 And king Arad the Canaanite, who dwelt in the south, heard that the Yisraelites had come by the way of the spies, and he arranged his forces to fight against the Yisraelites.
2 And the children of Yisrael were greatly afraid of him, for he had a great and heavy army, so the children of Yisrael resolved to return to Egypt.
3 And the children of Yisrael turned back about the distance of three days' journey unto Maserath Beni Jaakon, for they were greatly afraid on account of the king Arad.
4 And the children of Yisrael would not get back to their places, so they remained in Beni Jaakon for thirty days.
5 And when the children of Levi saw that the children of Yisrael would not turn back, they were jealous for the sake of YAHWEH, and they rose up and fought against the Yisraelites their brethren, and slew of them a great body, and forced them to turn back to their place, Mount Hor.
6 And when they returned, king Arad was still arranging his host for battle against the Yisraelites.
7 And Yisrael vowed a vow, saying, If you wilt deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.
8 And YAHWEH hearkened to the voice of Yisrael, and he delivered the Canaanites into their hand, and he utterly destroyed them and their cities, and he called the name of the place Hormah.
9 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from Mount Hor and pitched in Oboth, and they journeyed from Oboth and they pitched at Ije-abarim, in the border of Moab.
10 And the children of Yisrael sent to Moab, saying, Let us pass now through your land into our place, but the children of Moab would not suffer the children of Yisrael to pass through their land, for the children of Moab were greatly afraid lest the children of Yisrael should do unto them as Sihon king of the Amorites had done to them, who had taken their land and had slain many of them.
11 Therefore Moab would not suffer the Yisraelites to pass through his land, and YAHWEH commanded the children of Yisrael, saying, That they should not fight against Moab, so the Yisraelites removed from Moab.
12 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from the border of Moab, and they came to the other side of Arnon, the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites, and they pitched in the border of Sihon, king of the Amorites, in the wilderness of Kedemoth.
13 And the children of Yisrael sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,
14 Let us pass through your land, we will not turn into the fields or into the vineyards, we will go along by the king's highway until we shall have passed your border, but Sihon would not suffer the Yisraelites to pass.
15 So Sihon collected all the people of the Amorites and went forth into the wilderness to meet the children of Yisrael, and he fought against Yisrael in Jahaz.
16 And YAHWEH delivered Sihon king of the Amorites into the hand of the children of Yisrael, and Yisrael smote all the people of Sihon with the edge of the sword and avenged the cause of Moab.
17 And the children of Yisrael took possession of the land of Sihon from Aram unto Jabuk, unto the children of Ammon, and they took all the spoil of the cities.
18 And Yisrael took all these cities, and Yisrael dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites.
19 And all the children of Yisrael resolved to fight against the children of Ammon, to take their land also.
20 So YAHWEH said to the children of Yisrael, Do not besiege the children of Ammon, neither stir up battle against them, for I will give nothing to you of their land, and the children of Yisrael hearkened to the word of YAHWEH, and did not fight against the children of Ammon.
21 And the children of Yisrael turned and went up by the way of Bashan to the land of Og, king of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan went out to meet the Yisraelites in battle, and he had with him many valiant men, and a very strong force from the people of the Amorites.
22 And Og king of Bashan was a very powerful man, but Naaron his son was exceedingly powerful, even stronger than he was.
23 And Og said in his heart, Behold now the whole camp of Yisrael takes up a space of three parsa, now will I smite them at once without sword or spear.
24 And Og went up Mount Jahaz, and took there from one large stone, the length of which was three parsa, and he placed it on his head, and resolved to throw it upon the camp of the children of Yisrael, to smite all the Yisraelites with that stone.
25 And the heavenly messenger of YAHWEH came and pierced the stone upon the head of Og, and the stone fell upon the neck of Og that Og fell to the earth on account of the weight of the stone upon his neck.
26 At that time YAHWEH said to the children of Yisrael, Be not afraid of him, for I have given him and all his people and all his land into your hand, and you shall do to him as you did to Sihon.
27 And Mosheh went down to him with a small number of the children of Yisrael, and Mosheh smote Og with a stick at the ankles of his feet and slew him.
28 The children of Yisrael afterward pursued the children of Og and all his people, and they beat and destroyed them till there was no remnant left of them.
29 Mosheh afterward sent some of the children of Yisrael to spy out Jaazer, for Jaazer was a very famous city.
30 And the spies went to Jaazer and explored it, and the spies trusted in YAHWEH, and they fought against the men of Jaazer.
31 And these men took Jaazer and its villages, and YAHWEH delivered them into their hand, and they drove out the Amorites who had been there.
32 And the children of Yisrael took the land of the two kings of the Amorites, sixty cities which were on the other side of Jordan, from the brook of Arnon unto Mount Herman.
33 And the children of Yisrael journeyed and came into the plain of Moab which is on this side of Jordan, by Jericho.
34 And the children of Moab heard all the evil which the children of Yisrael had done to the two kings of the Amorites, to Sihon and Og, so all the men of Moab were greatly afraid of the Yisraelites.
35 And the elders of Moab said, Behold the two kings of the Amorites, Sihon and Og, who were more powerful than all the kings of the earth, could not stand against the children of Yisrael, how then can we stand before them?
36 Surely they sent us a message before now to pass through our land on their way, and we would not suffer them, now they will turn upon us with their heavy swords and destroy us; and Moab was distressed on account of the children of Yisrael, and they were greatly afraid of them, and they counselled together what was to be done to the children of Yisrael.
37 And the elders of Moab resolved and took one of their men, Balak the son of Zippor the Moabite, and made him king over them at that time, and Balak was a very wise man.
38 And the elders of Moab rose up and sent to the children of Midian to make peace with them, for a great battle and enmity had been in those days between Moab and Midian, from the days of Hadad the son of Bedad king of Edom, who smote Midian in the field of Moab, unto these days.
39 And the children of Moab sent to the children of Midian, and they made peace with them, and the elders of Midian came to the land of Moab to make peace in behalf of the children of Midian.
40 And the elders of Moab counselled with the elders of Midian what to do in order to save their lives from Yisrael.
41 And all the children of Moab said to the elders of Midian, Now therefore the children of Yisrael lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field, for thus did they do to the two kings of the Amorites who are stronger than we are.
42 And the elders of Midian said to Moab, We have heard that at the time when Sihon king of the Amorites fought against you, when he prevailed over you and took your land, he had sent to Beor the son of Janeas and to Balaam his son from Mesopotamia, and they came and cursed you; therefore did the hand of Sihon prevail over you, that he took your land.
43 Now therefore send you also to Balaam his son, for he still remains in his land, and give him his hire, that he may come and curse all the people of whom you are afraid; so the elders of Moab heard this thing, and it pleased them to send to Balaam the son of Beor.
44 So Balak the son of Zippor king of Moab sent messengers to Balaam, saying,
45 Behold there is a people come out from Egypt, behold they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me.
46 Now therefore come and curse this people for me, for they are too mighty for me, peradventure I shall prevail to fight against them, and drive them out, for I heard that he whom you blessest is blessed, and whom you cursest is cursed.
47 So the messengers of Balak went to Balaam and brought Balaam to curse the people to fight against Moab.
48 And Balaam came to Balak to curse Yisrael, and YAHWEH said to Balaam, Curse not this people for it is blessed.
49 And Balak urged Balaam day by day to curse Yisrael, but Balaam hearkened not to Balak on account of the word of YAHWEH which he had spoken to Balaam.
50 And when Balak saw that Balaam would not accede to his wish, he rose up and went home, and Balaam also returned to his land and he went from there to Midian.
51 And the children of Yisrael journeyed from the plain of Moab, and pitched by Jordan from Beth-jesimoth even unto Abel-shittim, at the end of the plains of Moab.
52 And when the children of Yisrael abode in the plain of Shittim, they began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab.
53 And the children of Yisrael approached Moab, and the children of Moab pitched their tents opposite to the camp of the children of Yisrael.
54 And the children of Moab were afraid of the children of Yisrael, and the children of Moab took all their daughters and their wives of beautiful aspect and comely appearance, and dressed them in gold and silver and costly garments.
55 And the children of Moab seated those women at the door of their tents, in order that the children of Yisrael might see them and turn to them, and not fight against Moab.
56 And all the children of Moab did this thing to the children of Yisrael, and every man placed his wife and daughter at the door of his tent, and all the children of Yisrael saw the act of the children of Moab, and the children of Yisrael turned to the daughters of Moab and coveted them, and they went to them.
57 And it came to pass that when a Hebrew came to the door of the tent of Moab, and saw a daughter of Moab and desired her in his heart, and spoke with her at the door of the tent that which he desired, while they were speaking together the men of the tent would come out and speak to the Hebrew like unto these words:
58 Surely you know that we are brethren, we are all the descendants of Lot and the descendants of Abraham his brother, wherefore then will you not remain with us, and wherefore will you not eat our bread and our sacrifice?
59 And when the children of Moab had thus overwhelmed him with their speeches, and enticed him by their flattering words, they seated him in the tent and cooked and sacrificed for him, and he ate of their sacrifice and of their bread.
60 They then gave him wine and he drank and became intoxicated, and they placed before him a beautiful damsel, and he did with her as he liked, for he knew not what he was doing, as he had drunk plentifully of wine.
61 Thus did the children of Moab to Yisrael in that place, in the plain of Shittim, and the anger of YAHWEH was kindled against Yisrael on account of this matter, and he sent a pestilence among them, and there died of the Yisraelites twenty-four thousand men.
62 Now there was a man of the children of Simeon whose name was Zimri, the son of Salu, who connected himself with the Midianite Cosbi, the daughter of Zur, king of Midian, in the sight of all the children of Yisrael.
63 And Phineas the son of Elazer, the son of Aaron the priest, saw this wicked thing which Zimri had done, and he took a spear and rose up and went after them, and pierced them both and slew them, and the pestilence ceased from the children of Yisrael.